Below you will find lists of corrections and additions to the e-book edition of A WHO'S WHO OF TUDOR WOMEN, as published in October 2020. Anyone finding an error in the e-book text may contact me at with that information.


CORRECTIONS (by entry):


Bridget Bickerdike (revised entry)

BRIDGET BICKERDIKE (1565-1615+) Bridget Bickerdike came from a gentry family based at Low Hall in Farnham, Yorkshire. She was the sister of Robert Bickerdike the martyr (x. August 1586) and Edward Bickerdike. Anne Scoular, in her "One Life: Mr. Robert Maskewe, Lord Mayor of York 1574-5 and his curious end," (York Historian, 2017), theorizes that she was sent to York to complete her education by living with another family and there met and married Thomas Maskew (d.1594), Robert's son, who was an apothecary. Mary Maskew, daughter of Thomas, was baptized in Farnham in 1585, so it seems likely Bridget went home to give birth. She had at least one other child, James, who was under the age of fourteen on March 23, 1594/5, when his mother renounced administration of his father's estate and it was given to Christopher Beckwith, a York merchant. Bridget was a recusant. She had been imprisoned for her faith as early as January 1586/7. On January 20, 1589/90, she was sent to the Kidcote (prison) for recusancy. She appears to have been in prison when her husband died. At one point, she was part of a group a women prisoners taken to church to hear sermons in the hope they would repent. Instead, they shouted out "the preacher lies" and had to be gagged to prevent further outbursts. Bridget's husband was responsible for paying her recusancy fines until his death and afterward the burden probably fell to her father-in-law. In 1599, Robert Maskew died. On August 3, the administration of his goods was assigned to Edward Bickerdike of Farnham for the "care and use" of Edward's nephew, James Maskew. James's guardian, Christopher Beckwith, had been Lord Mayor of York in 1597 and had died July 23, 1599. The identity of Lady Beckwith, described in 1600 as James's "tutor" is uncertain. In 1595, Beckwith was married to Alice Brooke (d. August 16, 1598), but she was not Lady Beckwith until his term as Lord Mayor. In 1600, Lady Beckwith was Beckwith's second wife, Jane, who married Robert Dakins of Linton-on-the-wolds, as his second wife, in 1601. At the Assizes of 1599, meanwhile, Bridget had been condemned to death for trying to convert an Anglican parson in York Castle. Although she was eventually pardoned, she remained in prison until after Queen Elizabeth's death in 1603. She was listed as a "widow gentlewoman, age 50, recusant 20 years" in the Visitation of 1615 and may still have been living in 1633, when "widow Maskew" appeared on a list of "popish recusants."




Elizabeth Cavendish (revised entry)

ELIZABETH CAVENDISH (c.1522-1587) Elizabeth Cavendish was the daughter of Richard Cavendish and Elizabeth Grimston. She married Richard Snow (d.1554), a London grocer. They had at least five children, including Daniel (d. 1576/7), Edward (d. 1587), Rebecca (d. July 29, 1600), Zara, and Alice. Snow acquired Chicksands Manor in 1540. In his will, he left his wife a house in Fleet Street. Elizabeth was in the household of Elizabeth Tudor before 1558 and in January 1559 was listed as a Extraordinary Gentlewoman of the Privy Chamber. She exchanged New Year gifts with the queen from 1562-1585. Her will, dated July 16, 1584 and proved April 11, 1587, left bequests to her surviving children, Edward and Rebecca and named her "very good friend" the earl of Kent (Henry Grey, 8th earl) as overseer. According to Marion Colthorpe, the queen called her Eme.


Jane Coningsby
Jane's portrait is now attributed to Nicholas Hilliard.


Jane FitzAlan
Joan should be changed to Jane in the second sentence.


Lettice or Laetitia Knollys
add to Biography: Elizabeth's Rival by Nicola Tallis (2018)


Adeline Neville
Westmoreland should be Westmorland


Margaret Pennington
Margaret now seems most likely to have been the daughter of William Pennington of Hunsdon, Hertfordshire (1448-1552) and the sister of Sir William Pennington (c.1487-1532). William and his brother John were both "of the king's household" in 1495/6.


Elizabeth Holland (revised entry)

ELIZABETH HOLLAND (by 1512-1548) According to an entry in the patent rolls for 1548-9, Elizabeth Holland was the daughter Thomas Holland the elder, esquire. David M. Head incorrectly identified her as the daughter (other sources say the sister) of John Holland of Wartwell Hall in Redenhall, Norfolk and a kinswoman, probably a niece, of John Hussey, 1st baron Hussey of Sleaford. John Holland was the duke of Norfolk's secretary and one of his stewards. In 1526, Elizabeth, known as Bess, was also part of the ducal household at Kenninghall when Thomas Howard, 3rd duke of Norfolk (1473-August 24, 1554) made her his mistress. Although Bess Holland has been referred to as a laundress in the household, or as the children's nurse, she appears to have been of gentle birth. She was on good terms with Mary Howard, Norfolk's daughter, and received an elaborate ring as a gift from Mary Shelton. When Anne Boleyn was created marquess of Pembroke, Bess Holland was one of her maids of honor and she was in possession of a Book of Hours belonging to the late queen in 1547 when she and her husband inscribed their names in it. She was still at court in 1537, when she rode in the funeral cortege of Queen Jane Seymour. Although the duchess of Norfolk painted Bess as a villainess and the duke as a monster, the truth is less dramatic. Bess was his mistress for some twenty years. In December 1546, however, when both the duke and his son, Henry Howard, earl of Surrey, were charged with treason, Bess gave evidence against them. She probably had no choice. When the king's agents seized and searched Kenninghall, they confiscated all of Bess's possessions, including the jewelry she had concealed upon her person. She also lost a new house on thirty-six acres of land in Framlingham, which the duke had recently given to her, and probably the side saddle of Naples fustian he had ordered for her but had not yet paid for. The bill for it was 26s 8d. In her lodgings at Kenninghall (an outer chamber, bedchamber, and adjoining garret), the commissioners seized rings, brooches, strings of pearls, silver spoons, ivory tables, and other treasures. She was taken to London for questioning but was eventually released. Her jewelry was returned in February 1547, when George Holland signed for it "in the name of my said sister." Bess was living in Mendham, Suffolk at the time and received an annuity of 20 pounds from Mary Howard, by then duchess of Richmond. By the summer of 1547, had Bess married Henry Reppes of Mendham (1509-February 10, 1558). By November 28, 1548, she had died of a botched Caesarean section along with her child. The duke of Norfolk left 100 pounds in his will to bring up a child in his household named Joan Goodman, who may have been his natural daughter and may have been Bess's child, but there is no evidence to support this. Henry Reppes remarried in 1557. Biography: Sylwia Sobezak Zupanec, "An Overlooked Connection of Anne Boleyn's Maid of Honour, Elizabeth Holland, with BL, King's MS.9"


Eleanor Roper (revised entry)
(1500-May 1563)

Eleanor (Ellen/Helen) Roper was the daughter of John Roper (c.1453-March 29, 1524), attorney general to Henry VIII, and Jane Fineux (1475-April 7, 1544). In about 1520, she married John Morton of Bencham, Surrey (1498-August 21, 1522). Their daughter Mary (February 15, 1522/3-1568) was born posthumously. Her second husband, as his second wife, was William Digby of South Luffenham (d. by 1529). Their five children were John, William, Lebbaeus, Margery, and Isabella. Her third husband, as his third wife, was Sir Edward Montagu (d. February 10, 1556/7), Chief Justice of Common Pleas. Their five sons and six daughters included Edward (1532-1602) and Eleanor. Eleanor Roper is mentioned in the will of her father-in-law, Sir John Digby of Kettleby (d. 1533)


Phillipa Rosewell
November 17, 1584 is the date her marriage license was issued at Exeter. The marriage took place on December 2, 1584 at Thorncombe, Dorset (not Devon)


Elizabeth Southwell (1569-1602+)
Elizabeth's Rival by Nicola Tallis (2018) states it is unlikely Elizabeth's son was given to Lettice Knollys to raise, but Lettice did leave him fifty pounds in her will.


Margaret Woodford
Whitechapel should be changed to Whitehorse





GENEVIEVE PETAU de MAULETTE (c.1563-December 6, 1643)

Genevieve Petau de Maulette was the daughter of Francois Petau, seigneur de Maulette (d. July 18, 1584) and Isabella Barthomier (d. January 5, 1585). Genevieve is said by Nicola Tallis in Elizabeth's Rival, to have been residing in England when, after the 1591 death of Walter Devereux in a skirmish at Rouen, she wrote a poem, in French, commemorating his life and that of King Henri III of France. This poem was translated by Gervaise Markham and published in England in 1597. In the title she is identified by her maiden name, but in 1594, Genevieve had married John Gordon (1544-1619). He had formerly been in the household of Mary, Queen of Scots and later was a gentleman of the privy chamber to Charles IX, Henri III and Henri IV. He was Sieru of Longorme by his first marriage. Both husband and wife were Protestants but there is no indication that Genevieve was in England in the 1590s. It was 1603 before her husband was invited to England by James VI and I, who appointed him Dean of Salisbury in 1604. Genevieve taught French to the king's daughter, Elizabeth (1597-1663), and her daughter, Louisa Gordon (December 20, 1597-1680) was raised with the princess. Gordon was created baron of Glenluce in 1611.



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